Cukurova University,Department of Textile Engineering, Main Branch of Textile Technology

June 21, 2016

The effect of recycled fibers on the washing performance of denim fabrics

In this study, denim fabrics were produced with yarns obtained from cotton fibers (CO), recycled cotton fibers obtained from yarn wastes (r-CO), and fibers produced from recycled PET bottles (r-PET).

Enzyme and stone washing processes were applied systematically on these fabrics. Mass per unit area, breaking force, elongation at max force, tear strength, air permeability, and circular bending rigidity of fabrics were measured.

The findings showed that r-CO fiber has negative effect on tear and breaking force. Breaking force, elongation at max force, and tear strength values of the fabrics increased depending on the increase in r-PET content.

However, fabric handle was negatively affected associated with the r-PET ratio due to the increase in stiffness.

Mass per unit area, breaking force, air permeability, and circular bending rigidity values of fabrics decreased after the washing processes.

The effect of fibers on enzyme- or stone-washed fabrics showed a change according to finished fabrics.

It can be said that fabrics containing r-PET are more resistant than cotton and recycled cotton in various aggressive denim washing methods such as bleaching or different washing process conditions such as rising temperature, and time.

Source: The Journal of The Textile Institute
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Original Language: English
Document type: Article / Restricted Access

Cited by 9 documents except author up to this time :

Web of Science
1. Ben Fraj, A., & Jaouachi, B. Study of the effect of enzymatic washing parameters on the bagging properties of denim fabric with Taguchi method. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents. DOI: 10.1002/jsde.12588 

2. Saricam, C. (2021). The comfort properties of hemp and flax blended denim fabrics with common industrial washing treatments. Textile Research Journal, DOI10.1177/00405175211054216 

3. Mezarcıöz, S., Toksöz, M., & Sarker, M. E. (2021). Effect of Sustainable Cotton Fibers on Denim Fabric Selected Properties. Journal of Natural Fibers, 1-11. DOI10.1080/15440478.2021.1993502
4. Gun, A. D., & Kuyucak, C. N. (2022). Performance Properties of Plain Knitted Fabrics Made from Open End Recycled Acrylic Yarn with the Effects of Covered and PBT Elastic Yarns. Fibers and Polymers, 23(1), 282-294. 

5. Meng, X., Fan, W., Mahari, W. A. W., Ge, S., Xia, C., Wu, F., ... & Lam, S. S. (2021). Production of three-dimensional fiber needle-punching composites from denim waste for utilization as furniture materials. Journal of Cleaner Production, 281, 125321. 

6. Majumdar, A., Shukla, S., Singh, A. A., & Arora, S. (2020). Circular fashion: Properties of fabrics made from mechanically recycled poly-ethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 161, 104915. 

7. Broda, J., Przybyło, S., Gawłowski, A., Grzybowska-Pietras, J., Sarna, E., Rom, M., & Laszczak, R. (2019). Utilisation of textile wastes for the production of geotextiles designed for erosion protection. The journal of the Textile Institute, 110(3), 435-444. 

8. Béchir, W., Béchir, A., & Mohamed, B. H. (2018). Industrial cotton waste: Recycling, Reclaimed fiber behavior and quality prediction of its blend. Tekstil ve Konfeksiyon, 28(1), 14-20. 

Other index
1. Zhang, N., Yu, Y. Cotton Fiber Recycling Processes in Indigo Denim Fabrics (2019) Journal of Donghua University (English Edition), 36 (5), pp. 471-474.