Cukurova University,Department of Textile Engineering, Main Branch of Textile Technology

November 08, 2020

The Use of Nanomaterials in Functional Textiles

This compilation presents a detailed review of current research, developments, and progress on nanotechnology usage for the elimination of dyes from effluents released by textile industries. The benefits of using nanomaterials for functionalized textile production are presented, and the applications of nanomaterials in the most known functional technical textiles are discussed. The authors present the results of empirical studies carried out in the Portuguese industrial context, including the textile sector, where the relationship between negative effects associated with shift work and the adoption of certain management practices by organizations is analyzed. Additionally, the authors discuss how, to achieve the Fourth Industrial Revolution, technological tools must be incorporated into both the production and consumption of textiles. The closing study indicates that it is possible to make objective pilling detection easily for standard fabric structures in the textile industry using databases created by measuring lots of samples.

Chapter 2. The Use of Nanomaterials in Functional Textiles (Mahmut Tas and Abdurrahman Telli, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK, and Department of Textile Engineering, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey)

ABSTRACT: Nanosized materials are becoming more and more popular in almost every field of the industry. Technical textiles are one of the major applications of nanomaterials and there are many commercialized nanoparticles functionalized textiles on the market such as electromagnetic interference shielding materials, flame retardant textiles, UV-protective fabrics, etc. The compatibility of conventional textile processes for nanoparticle applications and reduced nanomaterial production costs are made much faster to produce commercialized nanoparticle functionalized textiles. 

Nanoclays, carbon-based nanomaterials, and metal-based nanopowders are the most commonly used nanomaterials in functional textiles. It is possible to produce nanomaterial functionalized textile by adding nanoparticles into polymer melt or solution for synthetic fibres, or surface treatment of fiber or textile materials. 

In this chapter of the book, the benefits of using nanomaterials for functionalized textile production will be presented. Applications of nanomaterials in the most known functional technical textiles, (flame retardant, antimicrobial, electromagnetic interference shielding, UV-protective, superhydrophobic, and wrinkle resistive) will be discussed.

ISBN: 978-1-53618-770-0

Publication Date: October 30, 2020

Original Language: English

Document type: Book/ Restricted Access

Publisher: Nova Science